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Sinners, Sons, Servants

Sinners, Sons, Servants

Scriptures: Romans 5:19; 6:17,18; Galatians 4:5, 7; Galatians 1:15; Romans 12:6,7-8


Introduction: This is the 2nd of a 7 part series on Biblical truths from the Word of God. Last week I spoke about the Cardinal Truths and today I will be sharing about Sinners, Sons, Servants. As we look deep into God's Word we will be covering the following points: 1. Sinners by Nature and Practice (Romans 5:19; 6:17,18), 2. Sons and Daughters by Redemption and Regeneration (Galatians 4:5, 7) and 3.Servants by Call and Gift (Galatians 1:15; Romans 12:6-8)


Rom 5:19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous.


Just as by Adam's disobedience to God's command many were made sinners, so also by Christ's obedience to the Father many who trust Him are declared righteous. Christ's obedience led Him to the cross as our Sin bearer.

It is useless for universalists to use these verses to try to prove that all men will eventually be saved. The passage deals with two federal headships, and it is clear that just as Adam's sin affects those who are “in him,” so Christ's righteous act benefits only those who are “in Him.”


Rom 6:17 But thanks be to God, that you who were once slaves of sin have become obedient from the heart to the standard of teaching to which you were committed,

Rom 6:18 and, having been set free from sin, have become slaves of righteousness.


“Thank God that we, who were at one time the servants of sin, honestly responded to the impact of Christ's teaching when we came under its influence”. The Roman Christians here in this passage had given wholehearted obedience to the gospel of grace to which they had been committed, including all the doctrine Paul teaches in this Letter.

In verse 18 we can clearly see that correct doctrine should lead to correct duty. When we respond to the truth, we can then be free set free from sin as our master, and became slaves of righteousness. The phrase free from sin does not mean that they no longer had a sinful nature. Neither does it mean that they no longer committed acts of sin. The context shows that it is referring to freedom from sin as the dominating power in a person’s life.


Gal 4:5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Gal 4:7 So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.


The law demanded a price from those who failed to keep it—the price of death. Before God could bring men and women into the wonderful position of sons and daughters, this price had to be paid. So the Lord Jesus, coming into the world as a member of the human race and of the Jewish nation, paid the price which the law demanded. Because He is God, His death was infinite in value, that is, it was sufficient to pay for any number of sinners. Because He was Man, He could die as a substitute for man. “Christ, by nature Son of God, became Son of man, that we, by nature sons of man, might become sons of God. A wonderful exchange!”

The believer is no longer a slave; he is not under the law. Now he is a son of God. Since Christ, as God's Son, is the heir of all God's riches, the Christian is an heir of God through Christ. All that God has is his by faith.

Not so with believers under grace. The moment they are saved the whole inheritance is theirs. They are treated as adult, mature sons and daughters, and the whole Bible is theirs to read, enjoy, and obey.


Gal 1:15 But when he who had set me apart before I was born, and who called me by his grace,


The Apostle Paul here demonstrates his independence of other men in connection with his gospel. After his conversion, he did not immediately confer with human leaders, nor did he go up to Jerusalem where the other apostles were. Instead, he went to Arabia, then returned again to Damascus. His determination to avoid Jerusalem was not out of disrespect for his fellow-apostles; it was rather because he had been commissioned by the risen Lord Himself and given a unique ministry to the Gentiles (Gal_2:8). Hence his gospel and his service needed no human authorization. He was independent of man altogether. Several expressions in these verses deserve careful consideration. Note the expression in verse 15: God ... separated me from my mother's womb. Paul realized that even before his birth, he had been set apart by God for a special work. He adds that God called me through His grace, referring to his conversion on the road to Damascus. If he had received what he deserved at that moment, he would have been cast into hell. But Christ, in wonderful grace, saved him and sent him out to preach the faith that he once had sought to destroy.


Rom 12:6 Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith;

Rom 12:7 if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching;

Rom 12:8 the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.


Paul now gives instructions for the use of certain gifts. The list does not cover all the gifts; it is meant to be suggestive rather than exhaustive.

Our gifts differ according to the grace that is given to us. In other words, God's grace deals out differing gifts to different people. And God gives the necessary strength or ability to use whatever gifts we have. So we are responsible to use these God-given abilities as good stewards.


Those who have the gift of prophecy should prophesy in proportion to their faith. A prophet is a spokesman for God, declaring the word of the Lord. Prediction may be involved, but it is not a necessary element of prophecy. In the early church, the prophets were “men who spoke under the immediate influence of the Spirit of God, and delivered some divine communication relative to doctrinal truths, to present duty, to future events, as the case may be.” Their ministry is preserved for us in the NT. Note that there can be no inspired, prophetic additions to the body of Christian doctrine today since the faith has been once for all delivered to the saints. Thus a prophet today is simply one who declares the mind of God as it has been revealed in the Bible.


Those of us who have the gift of prophecy should prophesy in proportion to our faith. This may mean “according to the rule or norm of the faith”—that is, in accordance with the doctrines of the Christian faith as they are found in the Scriptures. Or it may mean “according to the proportion of our faith”—that is, to the extent that God gives us faith. Most versions supply the word “our” here, but it is not found in the original.


Ministry is a very broad term meaning service for the Lord. It does not mean the office, duties, or functions of a clergyman (as commonly used today). The person who has the gift of ministry has a servant-heart. He or she sees opportunities to be of service and grabs them.


A teacher then is one who is able to explain the word of God and apply it to the hearts of his hearers. Whatever our gift is, we should give ourselves to it wholeheartedly.


Exhortation is the gift of stirring up the saints to desist from every form of evil and to press on to new achievements for Christ in holiness and in service.


Giving is the divine award which inclines and empowers a person to be aware of needs and to help meet them. He or she should do so with open-mindedness.

The gift of leading is almost certainly connected with the work of elders (and perhaps also deacons) in a local church. The elder is an under shepherd who stands out in front of the flock and leads with care and diligence.

The gift of mercy is the supernatural capacity and talent of aiding those who are in distress. Those who have this gift should exercise it with cheerfulness. Of course, we should all show mercy and do it cheerfully. May God bless you all!!!

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